Water Desalination Methods for Water Resource Engineers
Thermal desalination includes boiling, evaporation, and condensation.
The types of desalination processes are:
1)Flash distillation method
2)Solar water desalination method
3)Reverse osmosis water treatment
Advantages of Desalination
1)Provides a large amount of water resources for drinking and agricultural purposes
2)Provides distilled water, and therefore, prevents the formation of scales in boilers
Disadvantages of Desalination
1)Consumes a large amount of energy and expenses
2)Process requires adding chemicals to the water that may cause harm to marine ecology and the environment
3)Consumes more time for processing and is a continuous process
Public water supply projects in areas with a scarce supply of water have adopted the desalination process as the main water treatment method to generate fresh water for public consumption.